Impact Assessment

All management activities at least potentially have environmental consequences, which may be either positive or negative. Whereas status assessment focuses on the current state of a landscape, impact assessment is typically either retrospective or prospective. As a further distinction between status and impact assessment, the former typically only describes the current state with no direct implications concerning causality, whereas the latter assumes causality. For example, if a certain management activity (or set of activities) has been in place for some period of time, then a retrospective impact assessment might attempt to draw conclusions about the management actions and the observed environmental consequences. If we are interested in various potential alternative management actions, then the impact assessment is prospective in the sense that we are trying to predict the expected consequences of alternative actions. Prospective impact assessments of alternative management activities usually are directly involved in evaluation of alternatives in a classic planning process.

Related Planning/Decision Process Workflows

CMP Open Standards For The Practice Of Conservation

NEPA Planning Process

Scenario Planning

Related Methods

Forecasting Methods

Spatial Analysis And Modeling Methods

Uncertainty Methods

Related Tools

Coastal Landscape Analysis And Modeling System (CLAMS)

Communityviz

EZ-IMPACT

HARVEST

IDRISI

IDRISI Land Change Modeler

Invest Toolbox

LANDFIRE

Landscape Management System (LMS)

Landscape Successional Model (LANDSUM)

Land-Use Change And Analysis System (LUCAS)

LEAM

Marine Reserve And Local Fisheries Interactive Simulation

Marinemap

Multi-Resource Land Allocation Model (MRLAM)

Protected Area Tools (PAT)

RAMAS

Rocky Mountain Landscape Simulator (RMLANDS)

Sea Sketch

Simulating Patterns And Processes At Landscape Scales (SIMPPLLE)

SLEUTH

Tool For Exploratory Landscape Scenario Analyses (TELSA)

TRANUS

Uplan

Urbansim

Vegetation Dynamic Development Tool (VDDT)

Vista

Willamette Basin Alternative Futures Analysis (WBAFA)

Related Case Studies

Baltimore Reservoirs Forest Conservation Plan

Boise-Payette-Sawtooth National Forest Plan

Forest And Wildlife Modeling With LANDIS

Massachusetts Coastal Nitrogen Modeling

Northwest Forest Plan Aquatic And Riparian Effectiveness Monitoring Program

Red-Cockaded Woodpecker Foraging Matrix Application

Sandy River Basin Anchor Habitats Project

SFI Certification

Upper San Pedro River Basin Alternative Futures

Vermont Consulting Foresters

Washington State Water Typing Model

Willamette Basin Alternative Futures Analysis

Parent Categories

Assessment

Contributor

Keith Reynolds

Last Updated

2008-06-06T00:00:00Z ^^ http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime

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References

IntroductionPlanning/Decision ContextPlanning And Spatial Decision ProcessSpatial Planning And Decision Problem TypesMethods And Techniques
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