Biodiversity Management Area Selection

Optimization tool which considers level of threat, land ownership, and sensitivity to biodiversity characterization schemes.

Acronym

BMAS

Overview

The Biodiversity Management Area Selection (BMAS) Model is a general spatial model, developed for the selection of biodiversity management areas in the Sierra-Nevada Region. Biodiversity Management Areas are specially designated public or private lands with an active ecosystem management plan in operation whose primary purpose is to contribute to regional maintenance of native genetic, species and community levels of biodiversity, and the processes that maintain that biodiversity. The primary management goal in each BMA is to sustain native biodiversity. BMAS is a model used to select BMAs. This model is loosely integrated with a GIS system. The basic modeling approach begins by first identifying those plant communities that are vulnerable due to land use activities in current management plans. The level of vulnerability is assessed for each element of interest on a spatial basis using ARC/INFO. The planning problem involves selecting an efficient set of watersheds or planning units for biodiversity management through specially developed heuristics and the general purpose integer-linear programming software packages. The BMAS model implements advanced GIS-based conservation planning, and allows integration of cultural and land use data with biological data.BMAS addresses the following environmental issues in developing a BMA strategy for the Sierra Nevada:1. What is the minimal area required to represent all Sierran plant community types in BMAs? How does an \ optimal\ BMA system compare to the existing set of parks, wilderness areas and reserves in the region? 2. Can a representative BMA system be established on public lands only? If not, what area of private lands is required? How does the area requirement change if lands that are currently administratively withdrawn from grazing and timber harvest are classified as BMA lands? 3. How sensitive is the siting of BMAs to the way in which biodiversity is measured? Specifically, how do solutions to represent plant community types compare to solutions based on representing vertebrate species?

Source Of Description

Fischer, D. and Church, R. 2003. Clustering and compactness in reserve site selection: an extension of the Biodiversity Management Area Selection model. Forest Science 49(4): 555-565.http://www.ncgia.ucsb.edu/conf/SANTA_FE_CD-ROM/sf_papers/church_richard/my_paper.htmlhttp://www.biogeog.ucsb.edu/projects/ibm/report/http://www.geog.ucsb.edu/%7Eforest/RLC/index.html

For Application Domains

Biodiversity Conservation

Decision Problem Types Targeted

Alternative Evaluation

Plan Performance Evaluation

Select Or Allocate

Status Assessment

Domain Knowledge Modeling Area

Conservation Of Biodiversity

Landscape Analysis And Modeling

Management Process Modeling

Socioeconomic System Modeling

Planning And Decision Process Phases/Steps Served

Alternative Generation

Condition Analysis And Assessment

Scenario Simulation And Comparison

Visualization

Methods And Techniques Implemented

Integer Programming

Linear Programming

Optimization Methods

Trade-Off Analysis

Systems Functional Components

Data Management

GIS Analysis Integration

GIS Display Integration

Scenario Management And Comparison

Visualization

Accepts Data Of Process Types

Biophysical Process

Management Process

Social Process

Analysis Extent

Subregional Extent

Analysis Unit

Patch

Indicators Used

Forest Types

Species Viability

Supports Analysis Of Interdisciplinary Interactions

True ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean

Software Required

Arcgis

Tools That This Tool Works With

C-Whiz Linear Programming (LP) Software

Description Of System Components

ARC/INFO: The level of vulnerability is assessed for each element of interest on a spatial basis. General purpose integer-linear programming software, such as ILOG-CPLEX or Ketron’s C-Whiz. The planning problem involves selecting an efficient set of watersheds or planning units for biodiversity management and can be solved either optimally or through specially developed heuristics.

Online Download Available

False ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean

Developer Assistance Needed For Installation/Configuration

True ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean

Cost

Free

Development Status

Prototype Being Applied

Tool Maker

UC Santa Barbara

Information Source

National Commission On Science For Sustainable Forestry

Contact Person

Richard L. Church

Contributor

Sean Gordon

Parent Categories

Software Tools And Models - All

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Comment

The tool addresses the following environmental issues in developing a BMA strategy for the Sierra Nevada:1. What is the minimal area required to represent all Sierran plant community types in BMAs? How does an \ optimal\ BMA system compare to the existing set of parks, wilderness areas and reserves in the region? 2. Can a representative BMA system be established on public lands only? If not, what area of private lands is required? How does the area requirement change if lands that are currently administratively withdrawn from grazing and timber harvest are classified as BMA lands? 3. How sensitive is the siting of BMAs to the way in which biodiversity is measured? Specifically, how do solutions to represent plant community types compare to solutions based on representing vertebrate species?

Last Updated

2010-03-16T14:58:04.307-08:00 ^^ http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime

Model Type

Decision Model

Evaluative Models

Decision Process Activity Types Served

Condition Analysis And Assessment

Decision Alternatives Generation, Scenario Simulation

Visualization

Software Type

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Graphical Ontology Browser

  • Click on a node to jump to the content of that node
  • Pan to see the rest of the graph
  • Scroll the mousewheel up and down to zoom in and out
  • Rearrange the nodes in the graph by dragging a node to a different position

References

IntroductionPlanning/Decision ContextPlanning And Spatial Decision ProcessSpatial Planning And Decision Problem TypesMethods And Techniques
methods and techniques; methodology
TechnologyData And Domain KnowledgePeople And ParticipationResources