NED is a collection of software tools created to help resource managers develop goals, assess current and future conditions, and produce management plans for forests in the eastern United States.


The NED concept is to use an original prescription design system to incorporate management goals for multiple objectives, analyze current forest conditions, recommend management alternatives, and predict future conditions under different alternatives. NED's core outputs include an evaluation of goals, for any or all of five resources: visual quality, wildlife, water, wood production, and general ecological objectives. NEWILD describes the habitat conditions used or preferred by 338 vertebrate species in New England (and has been adapted for other locations). A user may provide NEWILD with a description of habitat conditions and determine what species might be likely to use the area or ask the program to identify the habitat preferences of a particular species of interest. Wildlife goals in NED are specifically habitat-oriented and do not attempt to address population density directly. The user may specify a goal of enhancing the diversity (species richness) of wildlife on a forest property, or select one or more species for which to enhance, maintain, or create habitat. For example, one landowner may wish to increase the abundance of ruffed grouse for hunting. Another may wish to increase the variety of songbirds or amphibians by providing a variety of habitats required by different species.

Source Of Description

IUFRO-2003: \ NED-2: An Integrated Forest Ecosystem Management Decision Support System,\ by M. Twery, H.M. Rauscher, P.D. Knopp, S.A. Thomasma, D. Nute, W.D. Potter, F. Maier, J. Wang, M. Dass, H. Uchiyama, and Astrid Glende, in Proceedings of the 2003 IUFRO International Conference on Decision Support for Multiple Purpose Forestry, Vienna, Austria, April, 2003. []

URL (No Longer Available)

For Application Domains

Biodiversity Conservation

Fish And Wildlife Management

Forest Management


Timber Harvesting

Decision Problem Types Targeted

Alternative Evaluation

Status Assessment

Suitability Assessment

Used In Case Studies

Baltimore Reservoirs Forest Conservation Plan

Vermont Consulting Foresters

Domain Knowledge Modeling Area

Conservation Of Biodiversity

Decision Modeling

Forest Fuel Modeling

Forest Succession Modeling

Habitat Suitability

Management Process Modeling

Socioeconomic System Modeling

Vegetation Management

Planning And Decision Process Phases/Steps Served

Condition Analysis And Assessment

Objective Definition

Rank Alternatives

Scenario Simulation And Comparison


Methods And Techniques Implemented

Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis


Systems Functional Components


Accepts Data Of Process Types

Biophysical Process

Economic Process

Management Process

Social Process

Analysis Extent

Patch Extent

Subregional Extent

Analysis Unit


Indicators Used

Forest Age Classes Or Successional Stages

Forest Management Classes

Forest Types

Species Diversity

Supports Analysis Of Interdisciplinary Interactions

True ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean


Windows 2000

Windows 95/98

Windows NT

Windows XP

Description Of System Components

The Forest Stewardship Planning Guide helps the user through a process of selecting forest stewardship goals, makes limited recommendations on how to manage a forest for specific goals and describes the conditions that must be created or enhanced to accomplish them.

NED / SIPS provides an effective means of creating, managing, and analyzing forest inventory records at the stand level. The user may apply any of a set of standard treatments to the stand or design a customized cutting scheme, and utilize one of the four incorporated stand growth simulators to show what the stand may look like in the future.

NEWILD evaluates the habitat suitability of stand inventory data by comparing them to a set of species/habitat matrices.NED-Health estimates [how?] the negative and positive effects of numerous insects and diseases, along with detrimental aspects of adverse weather, logging damage, animal grazing, and air pollution. NED-1 evaluates how a management unit as a whole, or an individual stand, may provide conditions required for specific goals (aesthetics, ecology, forest health, timber, water or wildlife.)

Online Download Available

True ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean

Developer Assistance Needed For Installation/Configuration

False ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean



Development Status

Regularly Distributed

Tool Maker

George D. Aiken Forestry Sciences Laboratory

Information Source

National Commission On Science For Sustainable Forestry

Contact Person

Mark Twery

Parent Categories

Software Tools And Models - All

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Last Updated

2009-09-09T15:02:45.193-08:00 ^^

Model Type

Evaluative Models

Simulation Models

Decision Process Activity Types Served

Alternative Ranking, Decision Making

Condition Analysis And Assessment

Decision Alternatives Generation, Scenario Simulation


Software Type

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Can Calculate Effects

Timber Harvest Process

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